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TiO2 Photocatalytic Oxidation Technology

EVERY SQUARE METER OF SOLAS SHIELD TIO2 PHOTOCATALYTIC OXIDATION MATERIAL, EXPOSED TO EITHER UV OR VISIBLE LIGHT, CAN REMOVE NITROGEN AND SULPHURIC OXIDES FROM ABOUT 200 CUBIC METERS OF AIR PER DAY.

THE REMOVAL RATE FOR VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND SPECIES - RELATES TO ABOUT 60 CUBIC METERS OF CLEANED AIR PER DAY

Solas Shield PCO actively removes environmental pollution substances, such as Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Particulate Matter (PM 2.5 & 10 - **see below) NOx (nitrogen oxide) which is atmosphere gas from vehicle and industry pollution. It also has a detrimental effect on SOx (sulphur oxide), a organic matter also present in the atmosphere - actively breaking down both these substances.


Solas Shield Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Photocatalytic Oxidation (PCO) has been proven to be an effective method for removing harmful environmental contamination from the outside air.


When TiO2 PCO treated surfaces are stimulated by a light source, they convert air pollutants such as oxides (NOx & SOx) - into more environmentally acceptable products such as calcium nitrate, carbon dioxide and water.


Solas Shield photocatalysis can be driven by both the ultraviolet and visible components of sun and or fluorescent light.


100 m2 of Solas Shield  Photocatalytic Oxidation Treated surface can degrade an amount of NOx in 6 hours equal to the daily job of about 30 trees!






















DEODORISING (ALLERGY RELIEF)

TiO2 PCO doesn't cover up smells like conventional air fresheners, it actually attacks the root of the smell by causing the breakdown of the cause and origin of the offending odour (ammonia, aldehyde gas  and smoke, etc).  

Using the power of light - a surface that has been treated with a Nano-TiO2 application will actually burn up harmful pollutants and turns them into clean oxygen. It is totally safe and inert and is the most effective odour eliminator available...


ANTI BACTERIA & VIRUS

Sanitising TiO2 PCO Breaks down and destroys

Bacteria,

Fungi,

Mould

Virus…

such as...Anthrax, Avian Flu (H5N8), Black Mould, Candida, C-difficile, E.Coli, HiNi,  Legionnella, Listeria, Mould & Fungi, MRSA (Staph), Ms-2,  Mycobacterium fortiutum, NDM-1, NvN1, SARS, Strep, Salmonella, VRE etc etc...


AIR PURIFICATION

** Particulate Matter is suspended in outdoor (‘ambient') air as invisible dust' which is not visible to the human eye.

Particulates which are PM 10 are able to enter the lungs in the air which we breath. For the smaller particles - PM 2.5  you may not be able to see them, but they’re there: tiny particles of dust, dirt, soot, smoke, and liquid droplets hanging in the air. These particles under 2.5 micrometers in diameter — are too small for our respiratory systems to filter out, and end up getting trapped in our lungs where they may adversely affect our health. The very smallest pass through the lungs into the blood stream and can damage the heart, these can directly enter the blood stream via the lungs. The UK Government's estimates of deaths attributed to air pollution and reduced life expectancy are on the basis of exposure to PM 2.5 pollution. Particulate pollution is present in diesel exhaust emissions, and particulate pollution (black carbon) is linked to climate change.


Particles enter the air from a variety of sources and may be either directly emitted or may form under a chemical process much like the way ground level ozone forms. Many enter the air directly from power plants, factories, automobiles, construction vehicles, unpaved roads, wood burning, and agriculture sites. Others come from a reaction between gases from burning fuels, sunlight, and water vapour. Unlike ground level ozone, particles are not a seasonal pollutant; high levels can occur any time of the year.

Unhealthy levels of particle pollution in the air can cause or trigger significant health problems. These range from coughing and difficult or painful breathing to the possibility of an emergency room visit or even premature death. Exposure to particles can decrease lung function, weaken the heart, and possibly bring on a heart attack.

The environment also suffers from particle pollution. Particles are the major source of haze, and can harm the environment by changing the nutrient and chemical balance in soil and water.


Particulate matter (PM) is the largest single contributor to the estimated 600,000 premature deaths across Europe from pollution-related heart and lung diseases each year. Children and the elderly are worst affected, and the associated health costs could be as high as €1.6tn a year in Europe, according to the World Health Organisation.

 Nitrogen Dioxide/ Oxides of Nitrogen

NO2 can aggravate existing health problems such as asthma. Studies have begun to suggest NO2 could have as great an effect on early deaths as particulate pollution which have already been linked to higher risks of lung cancer and heart failure. Air pollution causes an estimated 29,000 deaths a year in the UK, according to Public Health England. In 2013, WHO’s specialised cancer agency, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified outdoor air pollution and one of its major components, particulate matter (PM), as carcinogenic to human beings.


Nitrogen oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) gas are present in diesel exhaust emissions from buses, cars & trucks. Usually, nitrogen oxide quickly reacts to form nitrogen dioxide. In pollution episodes, nitrogen dioxide is the yellow haze usually evident on the horizon. Nitrogen dioxide is associated with a number of health problems, and its concentration in ambient air is regulated by law. Levels of nitrogen dioxide regularly breach these limits in our towns and cities.

The World Heath Organisation (WHO) Europe reviewed the health effects of nitrogen dioxide exposure and retained recommendations for limits of its concentration in ambient air.


Further information about NO2 pollution:

http://www.comeap.org.uk/air/pollutants/106-health-effects-of-nitrogen-dioxide


http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/environment-and-health/air-quality/publications/2013/review-of-evidence-on-health-aspects-of-air-pollution-revihaap-project-final-technical-report

   

Carbon Monoxide is another environmental contamination commonly associated with traffic pollution but it is also emitted in the home from faulty cooking and heating equipment. Other sources of air pollution from human activity include: domestic heating; power stations, waste incinerators, petro-chemical sites, manufacturing and extractive industries. Particular pollutants are associated with specific activities e.g sulphur dioxide emissions are associated with power stations, steel works and petro-chemical sites. Dust is a common nusence from construction and waste sites.

There are also naturally occurring air pollutants, such as pollen; which may be present in the air as particulate size particles; dust from soils; salt from oceans, etc, etc.


Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are substances which are present as gases or which bind to particles. They can be highly toxic even in low concentrations. Metals such as mercury, lead, arsenic and nickel can also occur as pollutants e.g mercury vapor or in particulates. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as benzene, 1,3-butadiene and formaldehyde which occur as gases, are also pollutants. License or permits are usually needed for their storage or discharge into the environment from industrial sites but they may also occur in products used by the public.

Resolve environmental effects related to energy production.

TiO2 PCO Ultra-Thin-Film treatments also have high solar reflectance properties (e.g, TiO2 is used in Sun Cream) and will also help reduce electricity use for summertime air conditioning and powered cooling fans - by helping to keep your buildings roof and walls cooler.

Research data has previously documented net annual energy savings of 10%–20%. reduction of the lower figure of 10% of energy used would save about £35 per household each year, and a annual estimated savings to larger towns and city’s of £36 million…while reducing the need for power producing companies to produce this energy and related environmental contaminates in the first place.

SAME BASIC PROCESS AND PRINCIPAL AS FOUND IN NATURE



Even used in Fashion - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qxw0pv4SKyg&feature=youtu.be