Solas Shield PCO actively removes environmental pollution substances, such as Polycyclic
Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Particulate Matter (PM 2.5 & 10 -
Solas Shield Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Photocatalytic Oxidation (PCO) has been proven to be an effective method for removing harmful environmental contamination from the outside air.
When TiO2 PCO treated surfaces are stimulated by a light source, they convert air
pollutants such as oxides (NOx & SOx) -
Solas Shield photocatalysis can be driven by both the ultraviolet and visible components of sun and or fluorescent light.
100 m2 of Solas Shield Photocatalytic Oxidation Treated surface can degrade an amount of NOx in 6 hours equal to the daily job of about 30 trees!
** Particulate Matter is suspended in outdoor (‘ambient') air as invisible dust' which is not visible to the human eye.
Particulates which are PM 10 are able to enter the lungs in the air which we breath.
For the smaller particles -
Particles enter the air from a variety of sources and may be either directly emitted or may form under a chemical process much like the way ground level ozone forms. Many enter the air directly from power plants, factories, automobiles, construction vehicles, unpaved roads, wood burning, and agriculture sites. Others come from a reaction between gases from burning fuels, sunlight, and water vapour. Unlike ground level ozone, particles are not a seasonal pollutant; high levels can occur any time of the year.
Unhealthy levels of particle pollution in the air can cause or trigger significant health problems. These range from coughing and difficult or painful breathing to the possibility of an emergency room visit or even premature death. Exposure to particles can decrease lung function, weaken the heart, and possibly bring on a heart attack.
The environment also suffers from particle pollution. Particles are the major source of haze, and can harm the environment by changing the nutrient and chemical balance in soil and water.
Particulate matter (PM) is the largest single contributor to the estimated 600,000
premature deaths across Europe from pollution-
Nitrogen Dioxide/ Oxides of Nitrogen
NO2 can aggravate existing health problems such as asthma. Studies have begun to suggest NO2 could have as great an effect on early deaths as particulate pollution which have already been linked to higher risks of lung cancer and heart failure. Air pollution causes an estimated 29,000 deaths a year in the UK, according to Public Health England. In 2013, WHO’s specialised cancer agency, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified outdoor air pollution and one of its major components, particulate matter (PM), as carcinogenic to human beings.
Nitrogen oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) gas are present in diesel exhaust emissions from buses, cars & trucks. Usually, nitrogen oxide quickly reacts to form nitrogen dioxide. In pollution episodes, nitrogen dioxide is the yellow haze usually evident on the horizon. Nitrogen dioxide is associated with a number of health problems, and its concentration in ambient air is regulated by law. Levels of nitrogen dioxide regularly breach these limits in our towns and cities.
The World Heath Organisation (WHO) Europe reviewed the health effects of nitrogen dioxide exposure and retained recommendations for limits of its concentration in ambient air.
Further information about NO2 pollution:
Carbon Monoxide is another environmental contamination commonly associated with traffic
pollution but it is also emitted in the home from faulty cooking and heating equipment.
Other sources of air pollution from human activity include: domestic heating; power
stations, waste incinerators, petro-
There are also naturally occurring air pollutants, such as pollen; which may be present in the air as particulate size particles; dust from soils; salt from oceans, etc, etc.
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are substances which are present as gases
or which bind to particles. They can be highly toxic even in low concentrations.
Metals such as mercury, lead, arsenic and nickel can also occur as pollutants e.g
mercury vapor or in particulates. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as benzene,
Resolve environmental effects related to energy production.
TiO2 PCO Ultra-
Research data has previously documented net annual energy savings of 10%–20%. reduction of the lower figure of 10% of energy used would save about £35 per household each year, and a annual estimated savings to larger towns and city’s of £36 million…while reducing the need for power producing companies to produce this energy and related environmental contaminates in the first place.